India has recently seen a surge in young entrepreneurs and now ranks fifth in the start-up communities of the world. Amid all the excitement about this new employment avenue in the country, there is one significant percentage of the population whose employment needs remains unmet.
- The Census in 2011 says that in India there are 2.68 Crore persons with disability, making the disability sector estimated at 4-5% of the population. Out of these, 1.34 Crore persons are in the employable age of 15-59 years.
- As 68% of India’s population lives in rural areas, the percentage of disabled is high in areas projecting low economic, health and social conditions, and is among the poorest in the population.
- A major portion of the disabled population remains disconnected from the skills and markets due to lack of awareness regarding skill development and training.
- Specially-abled individuals have a strong desire to work and achieve economic independence, and seek to become entrepreneurs themselves. For this, upgrading existing training institutes will not only augment the quality of life for people with disability and their families, but there are also substantial gains for the broader economy.
- In view of the current situation, India launched a new National Action Plan for Skill Training of Persons with Disabilities (2015). Under this plan, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) and the Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disability collaborated to train 2.5 million persons with disabilities over the next seven years.
- Today, due to greater awareness, there has been an increase in the number of businesses owned and operated by people with disabilities.
- Many vocational and skill training organisations are dedicated to helping people with disabilities, maximise their potential in the business world, to work with vocational rehabilitation, business and government.
- They encourage the participation and enhancement of people with disabilities in the workforce.
Source: Sunday Guardian Live