From drones to smart phones, technology rules our world now. From education, agriculture, real estate, etc., every sector is affected by technology. Speaking of real estate, in the beginning of the year, Union Urban Development Minister M Venkaiah Naidu said that the government will be extensively utilise geo-spatial technology for effective home monitoring in various cities.
• Today cities are developed along the highways, but in near future cities will be developed based on availability of optical fibre networks and next-generation infrastructure.
• Geo-spatial technology makes use of satellite navigation systems and computer databases called the Geographical Information System (GIS) to create, capture, store and retrieve geographic and spatial information of any place.
• Through real time data analysis, GST enables efficient, effective, relevant and integrated planning of a city.
• Under the Housing for All (Urban) scheme, the Centre envisioned that individual houses should be tracked through geo-tagged photographs for effective monitoring. The Urban Development Ministry has entered into a MoU with the National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Hyderabad for the same.
Types of geospatial technologies available-
• Geographic Information Systems (GIS): Maps and analyses data which is georeferenced (assigned a specific location on the surface of the Earth, otherwise known as geospatial data).
• Global Positioning System (GPS): The GPS (Global Positioning System) is a “constellation” of approximately 30 well-spaced satellites that orbit the Earth and make it possible for people with ground receivers to pinpoint their geographic location. The location accuracy is anywhere from 100 to 10 meters for most equipment.
• Remote Sensing: Imagery and data collected from space- or airborne camera and sensor platforms.
• Internet Mapping Technologies: software programs like Google Earth and web features like Microsoft Virtual Earth are changing the way geospatial data is viewed and shared.